Yerevan Armenia History
Armenia has a lot of history, which is concentrated in Yerevan, but the landscape is a virtual museum of religious sites. Instead of going to a historical site where we talk about beer and so on, it is better to inform ourselves about a few places where you can learn more about the history of Armenia, its people and its culture.
The city has been called "Yerevan" since the 7th century, but was not the capital of Armenia at that time. At the beginning of the 19th century, there was more of a Turkish city than an Azerbaijani one.
During this period, the government of Soviet Azerbaijan conducted a campaign to remove Armenians from Nakhivah, where there is no Armenian population at all today. This campaign intensified after the beginning of perestroika, when about 350,000 Armenians lived on Azerbaijani territory (not counting Nagorno-Karabakh).
Eastern Armenia became independent in 1991 under the leadership of President Serzh Sargsyan and his government with the support of the Soviet Union.
The idea of "Armenian culture" implies that the Armenian people, the majority of whom live within the current borders of the Republic of Armenia, live in Armenian culture. The idea that the Armenians call themselves Hayasa while other peoples call them poor is best illustrated by the fact that they call their homeland Hayastan (Hayasdan), but do not identify their homeland with the term Armenia, and the term Armenia does not apply to other parts of their country, such as Yerevan and Yerkir.
"Wilsonian Armenia" refers to the new borders of Armenia drawn by US President Woodrow Wilson during his visit to Yerevan in 1917.
The majority of this enclave is made up of Armenian Christians who are seceding from Azerbaijan and want to belong to Armenia or to achieve full independence. The current conflict erupted in the late 1980 "s, when a group of ethnic Armenians from the Nagorno-Karabakh region of East Azerbaijan began organizing a movement to reclaim Azerbaijan's territory. Although the breakaway republic of Yerevan is not formally recognised, the self-proclaimed "Republic of Nagorno-Karabakh," officially called the Republic of Artsakh, maintains close relations with Armenia, while Azerbaijan insists that the territory is its own. According to the constitution, the names "Artsakh" and "GnornoKarabakh" are equivalent, but in its official name only Armenian is used, making it a more neutral place name.
In 1080, the leader, Prince Reuben, founded the new kingdom in Cilicia, called Armenia, founded in 1080 by his son, Prince Ararat. Later, in 1813 and 1828, Eastern Armenia (consisting of Yerevan, Karabakh and the Persian khanate) was annexed to the Russian Empire.
This lasted for two centuries until Armenia became an independent nation again and then fell back under Byzantine rule. Armenian statehood and generations were born and raised in the hope that it would one day be resurrected. The Armenians of Karabakh hoped that their region would unite with Armenia, but after long internal party discussions, the reds decided to leave it as part of the Soviet Socialist Republic of Azerbaijan. In December 1920, the Soviet Union and the Armenian National Congress (a political party in Armenia) fell apart and all Armenia was annexed by Azerbaijan.
Armenians now regard Mount Ararat as a national symbol in Turkey, but that has not always been the case. The sacred mountain was bypassed by the Kingdom of Armenia, Persia, Russia and Turkey during the Ottoman Empire's occupation of the region in the 14th and 15th centuries.
Armenian troops took a winding mountain road, which was built with the funds of the Armenian diaspora and connected with Armenia after the independence of the two countries Nagorno-Karabakh. Both countries agreed to establish diplomatic relations and reopen the border between Turkey and Armenia.
For 30 years, Armenia and the Armenian diaspora have been working for the official recognition of the events of the genocide. In February 1988, there was a powerful demonstration calling for the recognition of Armenia as a country of genocide victims by the United Nations General Assembly.
A stone cenotaph in Yerevan, the capital of Armenia, commemorates the people who died in the first genocide of the 20th century. Armenian intellectuals were arrested by the Ottoman authorities on 24 April 1915, and a large proportion of Armenians living in Anatolia eventually perished as a result.
The museum and memorial complex, built in 1967, is dedicated to the 1.5 million Armenians who lost their lives in the Armenian genocide.
This complex is a must-see for anyone visiting Yerevan, and also an indispensable stop for those interested in the region's ancient history.
Named after Mesrop Mashtots, the founder of the Armenian alphabet, this museum is an important part of Armenian writing culture. It consists of two parts, a museum and a memorial, and commemorates events that have deeply affected Armenia.